Frenchman Louis-Nicolas Flobert invented the first rimfire metallic cartridge in 1845. This was an major innovation in firearms ammunition, previously delivered as separate bullets and powder, was combined in a single metallic (usually brass) cartridge containing a percussion cap, powder, and a bullet in one weatherproof package.


                Fig. Louis Nicolas Auguste Flobert (1819-1894)


As it contains no powder charge, there is hardly any smoke residue and therfore favoured for indoor shooting. Its only propellant is the ignition of the fulminate. It is still produced today by some ammunition makers.


R-L The 4mm short or long (rimfire)

The 4mm Flobert was (and still is) used in Zimmerschutzen or Indoorshooting. In order for some exercise to be had, people used to shoot indoors as well. Often at short ranges up to 5 or 6 metres or so. There are two main cartridges: the 4mm short and long.

The 6mm flobert BB and CB (rimfire)

The Basic design from the left is a short case with a round ball (BB). The pointed heads (CB) are also known as Conical Ball Cap or Bosquette. These were so popular with shooters that even today you can still buy this ammo as .22 BB or CB (in the US) and as 6mm Flobert in Europe.

The 9mm flobert BB and CB (rimfire)

The larger of the flobert cartridges is the 9mm flobert. It was used as a Scheibenpatrone but commonly used on nasty rats and rodents! The 9mm flobert also came as a shot-cartridge effective at only a few yards, if that.